pericles' funeral oration questions and answers

pericles' funeral oration questions and answers

Pericles eulogized … How is the speech structured? Login to reply the answers Post; Lomax. Answer Save. It is culturally delivered by a well-known-Athenian citizen. This Pericles's Funeral Oration was delivered in a public funeral in honor of all those who had laid their lives in the war. [2] The sacrifice which they collectively made was individually repaid to them; for they received again each one for himself a praise which grows not old, and the noblest of all sepulchers—I speak not of that in which their remains are laid, but of that in which their glory survives, and is proclaimed always and on every fitting occasion both in word and deed. Indeed, as Pericles argues in sections 5-6, if you're prosperous and successful you should be less afraid of death than someone who is poor and wretched; the unfortunate man hasn't got much honour or much hope of improving his situation, whereas the fortunate man runs the constant risk as long as he's alive that his fortunes will change and he'll suffer the abject humilation of losing everything. 3. Mourning is common theme that connects Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides’ report of Pericles funeral oration. Question: Thucydides, “Pericles Funeral Oration,” History Of The Peloponnesian War “Our Constitution Does Not Copy The Laws Of Neighbouring States; We Are Rather A Pattern To Others Than Imitators Ourselves. In the speech, Pericles describes the superior qualities of Athenian democracy as compared with … What effect do you think the whole speech would have had on the audience? fergamom. Pericles What … In one sentence, what is the essential 'message' of the speech? He is now talking (at last) about the men who have died, and how they should be taken as a model and inspiration for those who have survived. Thucydides used this opportunity to recreate the experience of listening to the greatest orator of his time, and at the same time to give his reader a sense of Pericles’ own ideas and of the ideals that inspired the Athenians; and, as always, he wanted his readers to think about those ideas and ideals, and to compare them to the reality of events. John. Answer Save. How does the structure support this message? X Your answer: For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Pericles webquest print page. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (With Corresponding Questions) Pericles (around 495-429 B.C.E.) There's no mention of any afterlife, just eternal glory. Your quotation is the climax of the second … They lived the Homeric Classical Ideal of life. Pericles. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. It was given in the 5th-century by Pericles. Pericles is called upon to give a funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War. Pericles eulogized … Mourning is common theme that connects Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides’ report of Pericles funeral oration. Played 15 times. Thucydides Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Thucydides I have not answered one of the questions, because I can't seem to come up with an answer. ), Thucydides and the Modern World (Cambridge, 2012). by heerman. He have this speech to honor Athenians who had died in the Peloponnesian War. From Pericles Funeral Oration. As you read answer the following questions in detail and support your answer by citing the text. Relevance. Funeral orations were popular in ancient Athens and quite a few of those written … everyone is equal before the law; when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is chosen for public service, not as a matter of privilege, but as reward for his abilities. Pericles’ funeral oration to the Athenians at the end of the first year of war. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Even today we view this ancient city as the birthplace of the values of equality and … He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership Compare Antigone and Pericles … The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. Certainly citizens were expected to fight for their city, but actually falling in love with the city is Pericles' own idea. The reading is followed by 4 comprehension and critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. Pericles, on Athenian Soldiers One text we love is Pericles’ Funeral Oration. Question 1 The excerpt came from Thucydides’, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War” document. How should the good citizen feel about death? [citation needed] The speech is full of rhetorical devices, such as antithesis, anacoluthon, asyndeton, anastrophe, hyperbaton, and others; most famously the rapid succession of proparoxytone words beginning with e … After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. It’s hard for us to imagine today that some peoples actually lived up to their ideals, but the world of Athens described by Pericles in his Funeral Oration was true to Athenian principles. You will find all the answers you need in the text and introduction to the Penguin Classics edition of Thucydides' History of the Pelopponesian War. Source(s): https://shorte.im/bbGNy. Thucydides had to rely on memory, his own and others’, and said himself that the speeches in his work were not exact records of what was said but presented the speaker’s main points and what was appropriate to the situation (see I.22). Get an answer for 'In his funeral oration, Pericles described Athens as the "school of Hellas." Part Two: Essay (45 points) Choose among the questions below to reply to. What would Pericles say about such differences in the United States — for example, in our system of military service? 34-46). ) In this activity, students will read Pericles' famous "Funeral Oration," as recorded by the historian Thucydides and answer comprehension questions. Questions on this quiz are based on information from Pericles. His words are a powerful expression of the duty of every citizen to fight to defend democracy and freedom – but if, like Thucydides, you have some doubts about the justice of the wisdom of the war, then this starts to look more like dangerous propaganda. “Funeral Oration” – Pericles Primary source document from the leader of Athens, Pericles. everyone is equal before the law; when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is chosen for public … Understanding the Passage (Key Questions) Understanding the Passage (Some Answers) Further Reading . 0. "Pericles’ Funeral Oration And Last Speech as Political Documents" published on 01 Jan 1998 by Brill. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. What picture of Athenian democracy does the speech give? Thucydides wrote the funeral oration of Pericles *during* the Peloponesian war, while he was recording the events of the war. Question: Source A) The Following Excerpt Is From A Speech Known As "The Funeral Oration," Delivered By The Athenian General And Politician Pericles In 431 BCE. Pericles Was Widely Seen As The Leader Of Athens. In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. Editors Note: Democracy had its beginnings in Athens around 500 B.C. Before the nineteenth century, ‘democracy’ was regarded by most people as mob rule, and so a speech in praise of democracy was of little use; one French translation at the time of the Revolution used phrases like “our constitution is called ‘popular’” rather than “our constitution is called a democracy” to avoid the negative overtones of the word. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. Answer Save. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Lv 7. But what is more inspiring is the way Pericles delivered the speech in the Greek famous War. Modern parallels of the Pericles' Funeral Oration. A month after 9/11, Congressman Major Owens offered a rap eulogy: “Defiant orations of Pericles / Must now rise / Out of the ashes.”. Funeral orations usually reserved the praise for the dead. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. To honor their sacrifice and reinforce public faith in the worth of the nation. Funeral orations are generally formal in nature and their themes sometimes extend beyond the deaths of the people who are being mourned. 2. He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in … Question 1 The excerpt came from Thucydides’, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War” document. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. Hermann Strasburger, ‘Thucydides and the political self-portrait of the Athenians’, in Jeffrey S. Rusten (ed. A funeral oration is a lengthy speech given at a funeral. [1] Such was the end of these men; they were worthy of Athens, and the living need not desire to have a more heroic spirit, although they may pray for a less fatal issue. But if they were worthy of praise, still more … Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech throughout the war, in 430 BC. I'm really stuck, thanks for your help. In an essay, describe Antigone’s, Creon’s, and Pericles’ respective answers to these … 0. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Men Who Understand Their Duties Men Who Like Adventure All Of These Are Correct. Lots of Greek writers stress the uncertainty of fortune (Herodotus 1.5: "human happiness never remains long in one place"; the closing lines of Sophocles' Oedipus Turannos are that no-one should be called happy until he is dead), but the idea that it's therefore better to get yourself killed early - in the right sort of way - to avoid the risk of misfortune is again unique to Pericles. Pericles eulogized Athens itself, using the occasion to rally Athens and Athenians by reminding them of their traditions, beliefs, and glory. [ -is most likely the speaker’s reason for addressing the mourners of the war dead. ] About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Pericles . rolomoore77 rolomoore77 12/10/2020 History High School Read this quotation from Pericles’s Funeral Oration in ancient Athens. It should allows equal justice, despite social class, and also extends freedom to ordinary lives.Athenian was the first form of democracy, practiced directly by the adult male citizens of Athens. 7 years ago. He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in the first year of the brutal Peloponnesian War against Sparta, Athens’s chief rival. As always, Thucydides does not offer us clear lessons or instructions, but demands that we consider complicated questions. His speech gives great insight into Athenian life and culture, especially government. Happiness depends on freedom, and freedom must be defended, so it's necessary to risk death for the happiness of all. After falling from vigor, he wrote his account of the struggle from his factor of view. History of the Peloponnesian War: Pericles' Funeral Oration DRAFT. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. Get your answers by asking now. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Beacon House Athens and its ally, king-led Sparta, defeated the Persians at different times over the next 20 years. Relevance. Compare Antigone and Pericles funeral oration or the Melian dialogue. Funeral orations usually reserved the praise for the dead. Pericles's Funeral Oration. 3) What is the attitude of Athens toward her empire and other poleis of Greece? The Athenians would go on to lose the war with Sparta. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. Bristol, BS8 1QU, UK Answer to: Why did Pericles give the Funeral Oration? Aristotle's 'Athenian Constitution' is thought to have been a copy of the original … Pericles' funeral oration is a speech written by Thucydides for his history of the Peloponnesian War. 2. Pericles begins his oration by setting out the difficulty of his task: to please those in the audience who were close to the dead with tales of glory and honor without dismissing the citizens of Athens, who Pericles claims only want to hear praise of the dead so long as they can feel satisfied that they are equally great, (II.35). After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. This quiz is incomplete! 1 Answer. Disagreement about “who is mourned,” “who gets to mourn them,” and “how should this mourning occur,” are significant issues in these two texts. 2 Answers. Thanks! English. The Funeral Oration was recognised as a rhetorical masterpiece, and so from the sixteenth century onwards it was often included in collections of ancient speeches that were used to teach students the principles of rhetoric. Any one can discourse to you for ever about the advantages of a brave defence, which you know already. Oration Pericles' Funeral Oration painted by Philipp Foltz in 1852. Pericles has spent most of his time so far praising Athens, to show that it was (and is) worth dying for. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. How does this passage lead on from earlier points in Pericles' Funeral Speech? In an essay, describe Antigone’s, Creon’s, and Pericles’ respective answers to these questions. Pericles funeral oration essay questions Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman pericles funeral oration essay questions during the Peloponnesian War. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the actual dead got fought pertaining to. Question 2 The document was written between 455 BC to 399 BC. (.m����#W����O� ��Z� �8�o��vݑ+���,�$I���R��#�X��úQ�]�윩��z�P9��{��ʕ���J��j�ϻg�IK{k)��tZW�����>;����w��I{��÷g?�=9=���c��K���0tl���5�+D�cy�!O DISCUSSION QUESTIONS for … The Funeral Oration of Pericles The excerpt below is taken from Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. … Pericles’ funeral oration summary. 4. Funeral Oration Of Pericles. it is true that we are called a democracy, because power is in the hands of the many and not the few . I will award points! (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c. 460/455-c. 399 BCE): Pericles’ Memorial Oration through the Peloponnesian Warfare (Book 2 . Finish Editing. It is true that we are called a democracy, because power is in the hands of the many and not the few . Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. 1 Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration I will speak first of our ancestors, for it is right and seemly that now, when we are lamenting the dead, a tribute should be paid to their memory. Question 3 The author of the document is Athenian historian, Thucydides Question 4 According to the author, Athenians are set apart from their neighbors and adversaries through; Their Constitution, does not copy laws of … and find homework help for other Pericles questions at eNotes Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. But tension between the Athenian democracy and the Spartan monarchy made the one … 8 years ago. How does Pericles depict the men who have died? Oration Pericles' Funeral Oration painted by Philipp Foltz in 1852. This quiz is incomplete! Its content could be more problematic. Kids take a ten question quiz about Pericles. 1. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Pericles speech was called the Funeral Oration. Men With High Standards Next. First, he was the leading citizen of Athens at that time and his vision guided the Athenians’ early actions in the war. 1 Answer. Question. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. As for the idea that a noble death means eternal glory, this contrasts with the depiction of the afterlife in Homer's Odyssey (Book XI), where Achilles declares he'd rather be a living wage-labourer than a dead hero. Click to see full answer Furthermore, what was the purpose of Pericles funeral oration? Aristotle's 'Athenian Constitution' is thought to have been a copy of the original … The golden years of democracy in Athens followed for the next 70 to 80 years. 0 2 0. A.B. In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. TERMS IN THIS SET (74) No finer expression of the ideas of democracy exists than the famous Funeral Oration delivered by who in honor of the Athenians who fell fighting Sparta during the first year (431 B.C.) 404 BCE) in his History of the Peloponnesian War. This section may lend undue weight to the Gettysburg Address. (Pericles Funeral Oration from Thucydides by Paul Halsall Book Report/Review, n.d.) ... and the report also examines questions of fixed vs. flexible research. For this discussion, in one … Pericles. Lv 7. "Funeral Oration" supposedly delivered in winter, 430 (from Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, book 2) Retold in English by Stan Rummel Section 01: Thucydides' Introduction In the same winter the Athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had first fallen in this war. Many historians believe that Thucydides likely edited the speech to some extent. Delete Quiz. Test your knowledge of funeral oration with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet. Much better to die when you're being courageous and patriotic. From Pericles Funeral Oration. . Pericles was a famous Greek general. The dead are idealised - these are men who knew their duty and had the courage to do it, who made the ultimate sacrifice to their city and fellow-citizens, and who would risk anything but dishonour. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. 0 0 0. Uncategorized. Tricky. Question and answer “History of the Peloponnesian War: Pericles’ Funeral Oration:” What is most likely the speaker’s reason for addressing the mourners of the war dead? Hi view the full answer Thereafter, however, especially through the influence of the British historian George Grote and his friend the philosopher John Stuart Mill, democracy was seen as a good thing, and Pericles’ speech became its most powerful celebration. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Pericles praises Athens so that people will keep fighting; he praises the sacrifices of the dead so that others will imitate them. Scholars found a written record of this speech. What would Pericles say about such differences in the United States — for example, in our system of military service? John. Pericles’ funeral oration “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated ”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience. Indeed, a worthy summation of Pericles’s oration is that it is a count of the “points in which [Athens] is worthy of admiration”. Hmm, strange question really, with a long answer. I had to read about the Pericles' Funeral oration. How does this compare with other Greek views on the subject? Share practice link. [6] To a man of spirit, cowardice and disaster coming together are far more bitter than death striking him unperceived at a time when he is full of courage and animated by the general hope. [3] For the whole earth is the sepulchre of famous men; not only are they commemorated by columns and inscriptions in their own country, but in foreign lands there dwells also an unwritten memorial of them, graven not on stone but in the hearts of men. Save. It has been argued that Abraham Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address in 1863 was influenced by it; that is very uncertain, but the other speech on that occasion, a mammoth two-hour effort by one Edward Everett, constantly referred to it. 1 decade ago. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are willing to die for their city. 7 years ago. The Funeral Oration of Pericles The excerpt below is taken from Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. Edit. Bosworth, ‘The historical context of Thucydides’ Funeral Oration’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 120 (2000), Nicole Loraux, The Invention of Athens: the funeral oration in the classical city (Cambridge MA, 1986), Jennifer Talbot Roberts, ‘Mourning and democracy’, in Katherine Harloe & Neville Morley (eds. . History Biography Geography Science Games. Edit. The most important thing to … In the second section of his speech he turns from talking about the war dead to talking about Athens and its people. Pericles eulogized Athens itself, using the occasion to rally Athens and Athenians by reminding them of their traditions, beliefs, and glory. The findings of the research are briefly presented before the current research investigation concludes. 5. a year ago. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. Feel free to con University of Bristol Garry Wills, Lincoln at Gettysburg (New York, 1992), John Ziolkowski, Thucydides and the Tradition of Funeral Speeches at Athens (New York, 1981). Funeral Oration. However, it started as an ancient Greek art form. of the Peloponnesian War? In the Funeral Oration, he discusses subjects such as the superiority of the Athenian compared to other civilisations. Test Quiz. 9th grade . . Lv 7. In the First World War, for example, quotes from the speech were posted as advertisements in London buses, to inspire the reader with patriotic spirit. 55% average accuracy. Login to reply the answers Post; Still have questions? Look for answers to questions raised in your reading. Pericles delivers the oration not only to bury the dead, but to praise democracy. Pericles' "Funeral Oration" supposedly delivered in winter, 430 General DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Pericles … Thucydides would have written the funeral oration some time after the actual speech, giving him ample time to reword and edit anything he pleased. Write a 500-word discussion, with references to the appropriate sections of Pericles’ Funeral Oration: 37(1), 40(1), and 42(2). To … Athens and its ally, king-led Sparta, defeated the Persians at different times over the next 20 years. War And Peace Wealth And Poverty First Words The Eye Athenian Democracy. Click to see full answer Also question is, what is the purpose of Pericles speech? Peloponnesian conflict 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides used to be an Athenian statesman for the period of the Peloponnesian struggle. Their empire was dismantled, and Sparta became the most powerful Greek city-state. In the “Gettysburg Address”, Lincoln subsequently also … It is true that we are called a democra… Get the answers you need, now! Document A: Pericles (Modified) The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. Pericles describe Athenian democracy: Democracy should favor the majority of the people, not just a select few. Pericles’ Funeral Oration, given during the first year of hostilities, is related within Thucydides’ account of the Peloponnesian War, which details a year-by-year history of the conflict between Athens and Sparta through 411 BCE. How far Thucydides recorded Pericles’ exact words, and how far he offers rather paraphrase or even invention, is as always a matter of dispute. Pericles’ Funeral Oration was a significant timestamp in 5th century Greece, Athens and to the Classical World. g. Expert answered|alvinpnglnn|Points 9233| Log in for more information. The most important thing … Favorite Answer . Solo Practice. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. Practice biography and history online test and questions for social studies students and teachers. Favorite Answer. Then, they work with a small group to paraphrase this complex speech into modern language. It is often referred to as Assembly of the People. Lv 4. "Pericles’ Funeral Oration And Last Speech as Political Documents" published on 01 Jan 1998 by Brill. The value of such a spirit is not to be expressed in words. They now live on eternally in people's memories. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Pericles's Funeral Oration . Understanding the Passage (Key Questions). This question hasn't been … Disagreement about “who is mourned,” “who gets to mourn them,” and “how should this mourning occur,” are significant issues in these two texts. 1) What does Pericles say in this oration about the constitution, government and laws of the Athenians? There has never been a time when they did not inhabit this land, which by their valor they will have handed down from generation to generation, and we have received from them a free state. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed.

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