cordgrass scientific name

cordgrass scientific name

Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Closely related California non-natives: 3. Listed … Cordgrasses are found on marshes and tidal mud flats of North America, Europe, and Africa and often form dense colonies. – cordgrass : Species: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. of India (1999-2011) darbaipul: Other : Ayurvedic Pharm. After aquatic plants die, their decomposition by bacteria and fungi provides food (called “detritus”) for many aquatic invertebrates. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. Scientific Name. Its roots are a favorite food of snow geese. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. (Graminiae - Tribe Chlorideae). © 2021 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants « Back to Records. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Scientific name: Spartina bakeriPronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-ryeCommon name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrassFamily: GramineaePlant type: herbaceous; ornamental grassUSDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. The salt it can’t use is discharged through its leaves. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Spartina spp. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. ABBREVIATION : SPAPEC SYNONYMS : Spartina michauxiana A.S. Hitchc.SCS PLANT CODE : SPPE COMMON NAMES : prairie cordgrass tall marshgrass sloughgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for prairie cordgrass is Spartina pectinata Link. Reproduction and Life Cycle. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Used with permission. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. – cordgrass. It is often the dominate species near the coast in southeast Texas and the Rio Grande Plains, but is more scattered inland. Synonymous scientific names none known. It grows luxuriantly despite regular flooding by salt water and a smothering substrate of oxygen-poor mud. Photo Credits: The majority of the aquatic plant line drawings are the copyright of the University of Florida Center for Aquatic Plants (Gainsville). Effects of stem density upon sediment retention by salt marsh cord grass, Spartina alterniflora Loisel. (Gramineae). The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Alternative Title: Bouteloua Grama grass, (genus Bouteloua), genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. Ampleopsis arborea is referred to as Nekemias arborea, Polypodium polypodioides is now Pleopeltis michauxiana, and today, Chloris petraea is Eustachys petraea. The plants are important forage grasses, and several occasionally are grown as Spartina alterniflora. 2018. Spartina foliosa is a species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass. Cordgrass. Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species. Geographical Considerations. Yard Conditions. Smooth cordgrass. 2018. Closely related California natives 2. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Cook, C.D.K. Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. Scientific Name. Size. The planthoppers, Prokelisia spp., are the most widespread and abundant herbivorous insects of cordgrass.Both nymphs and adults feed upon phloem fluids using their stylets inserted through the top of the cordgrass leaf into the vascular bundle (Cook and Denno, 1994).Wu et al. stems stiffly erect, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth; leaf blades to 2 ft. long, to 5/8 in. USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Conservation status. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Scientific names as used in medicinal reference: MPNS matched scientific names: Accepted name: ... big cordgrass: Other: U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016) dabb: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. Common Names. Synonymous scientific names none known. long, having 5-20 spike-like branches to 5 in. Habitat. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye. Leaves are 8 to 20 in. Flowers mature into … Scientific Name. Search. Scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Lois. USDA, NRCS. ABBREVIATION : SPAPEC SYNONYMS : Spartina michauxiana A.S. Hitchc.SCS PLANT CODE : SPPE COMMON NAMES : prairie cordgrass tall marshgrass sloughgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for prairie cordgrass is Spartina pectinata Link. Scientific Name: Spartina patens Since this plant can thrive in saline conditions that other dune plants cannot you might see this plant more often in areas that are subject to overwash. (1999) are investigating the potential for the use of Prokelisia spp. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Best grown in fertile, moist to wet loams in full sun to part shade. Range/Geographical Distribution. This plant is not native to Florida. Grama grass, (genus Bouteloua), genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. It has been reclassified as Sporobolusalterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014 , but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Sparti… Used with permission. Scientific Name. Distribution Maps. Saltmeadow cordgrass dominates the seaward border of the high marsh habitats. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Will this plant grow in my yard? « Back to Records . Common name common cordgrass. Strong rhizomes with the ability to grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the other desirable native warm season grasses. Family. Scientific name: Spartina bakeri Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye Common name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrass Family: Gramineae Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald (misapplied) Spartina townsendi H. Groves & J. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. smooth cordgrass. wide, becoming folded at tip; ligules hairy;  sheaths smooth; inflorescence spike-like, to 16 in. View this image below in landscape mode highly recommended. Growing Conditions: Cordgrass does best in wetlands, particularly salty marshes. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Hardiness Zones. UF Privacy Policy Soil Texture. Family: Gramineae. Geographical Considerations. Cordgrass source. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Common name smooth cordgrass. This seagrass species is a kind of flowering plant that lives beneath the sea, providing an important habitat for many rare and wonderful species. Grama grasses are native mostly to North America, with a few species in Central and South America. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. names in breadcrumbs. Growth is solitary or in small clumps from widely spreading, slender, wiry rhizomes [9,28]. In Ayurveda, Darbha grass is also used as a medicine to treat dysentery and menorrhagia, and as used as a diuretic (to promote free flow of urine). There are no infrataxa [13,14].LIFE FORM : Graminoid FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER … Saltmeadow cordgrass is the least tolerant of salt and is replaced by the other two in strongly saline areas . It performs in Full Sun. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. It is abundant in tight, loamy or clayey, somewhat saline, poorly drained flats. Saltmarsh Cordgrass Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Saltmarsh cordgrass is typical of the low marsh. Atlantic cordgrass smooth cordgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Although some species of cordgrass are native, they can be aggressive invaders. Habitat. ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. General Information. They are used with permission. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Distribution Synonymous scientific names none known. of India (1999-2011) darbha: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Saltmeadow Cordgrass is a slender and wiry plant that grows in thick mats 30-60 cm high, green in spring and summer, and turns light brown in late fall and winter. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Closely related California natives 2. Habitat: Grows between the low- and high-tide marks in salt and brackish marshes. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, A Diagnostics Tool for Pond Plants and Algae. Duck Scientific Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Anseriformes Family Anatidae Genus Duck Scientific Name Anas Platyrhynchos Will this plant grow in my yard? Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Synonyms. Will this plant grow in my area? Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora. Smooth cord grass is a grass. By: Carla Bossard,Carri Benefield. Goranson CE, Ho C-K, Pennings SC, 2004. – smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass Grama grasses are native mostly to North America, with a few species in Central and South America. Seaweeds and seagrass; Statistics Leaf: Usually 20-50cm long. Scientific Name -Spartina alterniflora Lois. Scientific name: Zostera marina. Tall form more common in … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. 2) Planting month for zone 8: year round. By: Carla Bossard,Carri Benefield. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Cordgrass. Listed CalEPPC Red Alert,CDFA nl. ranges from 1 to 5 feet (0.3 to 1.5 m). Yard Conditions. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Smooth cordgrass is found along the eastern seaboard of North America from Newfoundland and Quebec to northern Florida, and in the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to southern Texas [24,27].It is also found along the coast in Washington [].ECOSYSTEMS : FRES16 Oak - gum - cypress FRES41 Wet grasslands STATES : AL CT DE FL GA LA ME MD MA MS NH NY NC RI SC TX VA WA NF … Description The highest species diversity is on the east coasts of North and South America, particularly Flo… It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Scientific name: Spartina bakeri. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Habitat: Along the coast in brackish water. Cultivars - There are two known cultivars, Vermilion and Bayshore. Cordgrass can be found in marshes, swamps and coastal prairies. Light Range. Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species. USDA, NRCS. Species information. They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, northwest and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands; one or two species also occur on the North American Pacific Ocean coast and in freshwater habitats inland in the Americas. Cordgrass can form dense clusters up to 80 feet across. Scientific name. Scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Lois. long, branches pressed to the axis and overlapping; spikelets 10-40 on each inflorescence branch, flattened, smooth, pointed tips, in 2 rows, often twisting; flowers occur only on branch undersides. Cordgrass : Scientific Plant Name: Spartina pectinata: Other Common Names: Other Scientific Names: Common Family Name: Grass: Scientific Family Name: Poaceae: Origin. Common Name(s): smooth cordgrass : Atlantic cordgrass : saltmarsh cordgrass : Taxonomic Status: ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Genus. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Spartina alterniflora. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. It produces single stems or clumps of thick, fleshy stems which grow up to 1. Spartina foliosa is a species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass. It is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes. Spartina spp. Environmental gradients and herbivores feeding preferences in coastal salt marshes. Common name. Spartina alterniflora. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Display as: Spartina alterniflora – saltwater cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Distribution: Introduced in Pacific County, Washington; common along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States. This plant is not native to Florida. Since this plant can thrive in saline conditions that other dune plants cannot you might see this plant more often in areas that are subject to overwash. Listed CalEPPC Red Alert,CDFA nl. Synonymous scientific names none known. Google Privacy Policy | Smooth cord grass is a medium-large saltwater-loving is frequently found growing in tidal flats, salt marshes, and beaches nearly throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). Salt marshes. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. Like most websites we use cookies. A large, coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment. Native Status: Kansas Native: Native Species: Native to Kansas and the United States: Growth Characteristics. Used with permission. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018). Planting month for zone 9: year round. 2004. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Common Name - Smooth cordgrass is the most widely accepted common name; however, literature and informal references also cite saltmarsh cordgrass, oystergrass, and saltwater cordgrass as other common names. Smooth cordgrass usually reproduces asexually when its long, underground rhizomes spread and form new stems. Hardiness Zones. Smooth Cordgrass. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. 8a to 11. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. 6/15: Aquatic Vegetation- Beneficial or Pest? Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Smooth cord grass is a medium-large saltwater-loving is frequently found growing in tidal flats, salt marshes, and beaches nearly throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). Spartina spp. Forms dense colonies that usually parallel the shoreline. Spartina Schreb. Cord grass reproduce by new plants sprouting from the stems of other cord grass plants. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. Spartina alterniflora – USDA PLANTS Profile. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. × Common name common cordgrass. Optimal Light . Short form more common in slightly higher areas. Category. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Range/Geographical Distribution. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc.). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Cookies. Cordgrass, (genus Spartina ), also called marsh grass, or salt grass, genus of 16 species of perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. (2.5 to … Cordgrass. Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Cookies. Description . The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. × The N.C. 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